Foreign language learners encounter difficulties utilizing metaphorical expressions in everyday language, particularly
because the use of metaphors in the discourse context is inescapable. In this study, efforts have been made to
provide an effective way for the Iranian language learners to acquire and employ conceptual and image metaphors. The
instruction took place on 60 junior students studying at the University of Petroleum Engineering at Ahvaz, a southern city
in Iran, who were selected on the basis of their high marks on an English proficiency test. Forty metaphors of both types
were presented to the participants during 10 sessions of instruction. To collect data on the learners’ performance, a 30-
item sentence completion test requiring ‘word-given’ and ‘recognition’ type responses was prepared and administered.
The results of a statistical t-test indicated no significant difference in the rate of acquiring conceptual and image metaphors
(P>.05). Therefore, both metaphors can be successfully taught concurrently with little difficulty.