This article is about an ethnobiological and ethnoecological research among Kulina People from the Upper
Envira River, located in the Amazon Region, State of Acre, Brazil. The data was collected during two work trips to 10
villages of three Indian Lands (IL) in 2008 and 2009. The field work was based on participant observation, open, semistructured
and structured interviews and walk-in-the-woods technique. The total population was 423 distributed in 77
dwellings. The gender proportion is 49,7% of women to 50,3% of men. Fifty one per cent are under 15 years old. The
most important health problems are respiratory and digestive signs and symptoms, dermatosis and ophidian attacks.
Kulina diet is based on cultivated foods, hunt and fishes. There is a variety of fruits collected in the forest. The cultivation
system has high biodiversity and is about 1 ha. We recorded 193 medicinal plants species to a large number of purposes.
The number of species recorded, indications by Kulina about properties and potential uses to health for these plants
indicate an important ethnobotanic knowledge and requires new researches among them. We calculate that a great number
of species is yet to register.