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Dissociative fugue seems to exist in all societies of the world. It could be noticeable but its prevalence in the
general population is very low. Different societies of the world could identify dissociative fugue in different culturally
relevant terms. The objective of the study was to assess the diagnosis, presentation and treatment of dissociative fugue
among the traditional Shona people of Zimbabwe. The case study research methodology was used in this study to describe
the diagnosis, presentation and treatment of dissociative fugue-related behaviours among the traditional Shona people.
Participants were two men who were presenting with dissociative fugue–related behaviours before the study. An ethnopsychological
approach was used to analyse the behaviours and treatment methods used by the traditional Shona people.
The results of this study were that, although the diagnosis and treatment methods of the Shona were different from
Western procedures, their methods of treating dissociative fugue-related behaviours were found to be useful in treating
dissociative fugue-related disorders in a culturally relevant manner. The findings of the study are expected to prompt further
research to establish the therapeutic efficacy of the traditional Shona methods of diagnosing and treating dissociative
fugue-related disorders in an African context.