The Open Atmospheric Science Journal

ISSN: 1874-2823 ― Volume 13, 2019

The Impact of Assimilation of MODIS Observations Using WRF-VAR for the Prediction of a Monsoon Depression During September 2006

The Open Atmospheric Science Journal , 2008, 2: 68-78

M. Govindankutty, A. Chandrasekar, A.K. Bohra, John P. George, Munmun Das Gupta

Department of Physics & Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Electronic publication date 15/5/2008
[DOI: 10.2174/1874282300802010068]

CrossRef Citations:

Article Metrics:

Geographical View
Total Statistics:

Abstract HTML Views: 696
PDF Downloads: 191
Total Views/Downloads: 1057

Unique Statistics:

Abstract HTML Views: 446
PDF Downloads: 157
Total Views/Downloads: 723


Abstract: Monsoon depressions form over the sea, which is a typical data-sparse region for conventional observations. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) provides for very high-horizontal resolution temperature and humidity soundings. Such high-resolution satellite data can improve the poorly analyzed depressions. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of ingesting and assimilating the MODIS temperature and humidity profiles on the prediction of a monsoon depression, which formed over the Bay of Bengal during September 2006 using threedimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR). The NCAR Weather Research and Forecast model (WRF) has been utilized in this study. The results of the study indicate that the simulated sea level pressure fields from the 3DVAR run is in better agreement with the sea level pressure field from the NCEP-FNL analysis as compared to the control run. Higher spatial correlation and the lower rms errors of the sea level pressure field are associated with the 3DVAR run. The simulated structure of the spatial precipitation pattern for the assimilation experiments (3DVAR) are closer to the TRMM observations with more rainfall simulated over the east coast regions in the assimilation experiments. The 3DVAR runs clearly shows lower number of false alarms, higher probability of detection and larger value of equitable threat score for the 48 hours accumulated precipitation as compared to the control run. The results also indicate that the 3DVAR has larger positive bias values for precipitation as compared to the control run. For the 3DVAR run, the results reveal lower rms errors for temperatures at all levels and dew point temperatures, except for the upper troposphere. However, the rms errors for the wind speeds are not lower for the 3DVAR run. Overall, the results of this study indicate a very positive impact of the 3DVAR assimilation of MODIS observations on the simulation of a monsoon depression over India.

Download PDF


"Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines."

Daniel Pesut
(Indiana University School of Nursing, USA)

"It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. This is exactly what Open Access Journals provide and this is the reason why I support this endeavor."

Jacques Descotes
(Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France)

"Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community."

Patrice Talaga
(UCB S.A., Belgium)

"Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information."

Jeffrey M. Weinberg
(St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA)

"Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. This is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals."

Debomoy K. Lahiri
(Indiana University School of Medicine, USA)

"Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Articles are of uniformly high quality and written by the world's leading authorities."

Robert Looney
(Naval Postgraduate School, USA)

"Open access journals have transformed the way scientific data is published and disseminated: particularly, whilst ensuring a high quality standard and transparency in the editorial process, they have increased the access to the scientific literature by those researchers that have limited library support or that are working on small budgets."

Richard Reithinger
(Westat, USA)

"Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers."

J. Ferwerda
(University of Oxford, UK)

"Open Access 'Chemistry' Journals allow the dissemination of knowledge at your finger tips without paying for the scientific content."

Sean L. Kitson
(Almac Sciences, Northern Ireland)

"In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. Open access journals are very helpful for students, researchers and the general public including people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area."

Hubert Wolterbeek
(Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands)

"The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. In this perspective, open access journals are instrumental in fostering researches and achievements."

Alessandro Laviano
(Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy)

"Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science."

Philippe Hernigou
(Paris University, France)

"There are many scientists who can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information."

Fidel Toldrá
(Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain)

"Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."

M. Bendandi
(University Clinic of Navarre, Spain)

"These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. The articles are of high quality and broad scope."

Peter Chiba
(University of Vienna, Austria)

"Open access journals are probably one of the most important contributions to promote and diffuse science worldwide."

Jaime Sampaio
(University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal)

"Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. This option opens several quite interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists."

Eduardo A. Castro
(INIFTA, Argentina)

"Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."

Kenji Hashimoto
(Chiba University, Japan)

"Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."

Daniel Shek
(Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

"It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category."

Jih Ru Hwu
(National Central University, Taiwan)

Browse Contents

Webmaster Contact:
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open