Since the beginning of civilization, history tells of the movement of art pieces, monuments and
manufacts from site to site. The causes are multiple: the displacements due to the “spoils of war”, ordered by
kings and emperors, the movements caused by the need for reuse, especially in the early Christian period, and
so forth. Considerations about the events of the past, yield a possible strategy to transform this concept into a
technique for earthquake prevention of archaeological sites.
The seismic safety retrofits have often proven to be scarcely effective, because of the difficulties involved in
complex sites. The aim of this study is to analyze an “alternative” method of preventing natural disaster like
floods, eruption and earthquakes, through the movimentation of the most representative structural elements of
archaeological sites by decomposition of the masonry and marbles . The procedure considers a process of
“cutting optimization,” calibrated on the characteristics of the specific material that has to be cut and then displaced
in safer places (i.e., MEP, “manufact evacuation plan”).
This process should not create excessive problems to the structure, and aims to reassembly the manufact in
contexts able to guarantee safety through advanced earthquake-resistant expedients. From these considerations,
the work develops a procedure to safeguard the archaeological site of Pompei (Naples), through an appropriate
analysis of representative portions of the site, aimed to a careful handling and to a proper reconstruction
in a safe location, from the seismic point of view.