The Open Bioinformatics Journal

ISSN: 1875-0362 ― Volume 13, 2020

Polyp Shape Recovery from Single Endoscope Image using Medical Suture

Hiroyasu Usami1, *, Yuji Iwahori1, *, Aili Wang2, M. K. Bhuyan3, Naotaka Ogasawara4, Kunio Kasugai4
1 Department of Computer Science, Chubu University, Kasugai, 487-8501, Japan
2 Department of Communication Engineering, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin, 150080, China
3 Department of Electronics & Electrical Engineering, IIT Guwahati, Guwahati, 781039, India
4 Department of Gastroenterology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, 480-1195, Japan



Polyp shapes play an important role in colorectal diagnosis. However, endoscopy images are usually composed of nonrigid objects such as a polyp. Hence, it is challenging for polyp shape recovery. It is demanded to establish a support system of the colorectal diagnosis system based on polyp shape.


Shape from Shading (SFS) is one valuable approach based on photoclinometry for polyp shape recovery. SFS and endoscope image are compatible on the first sight, but there are constraints for applying SFS to endoscope image. Those approaches need some parameters like a depth from the endoscope lens to the surface, and surface reflectance factor . Furthermore, those approaches assume the whole surface which has the same value of for the Lambertian surface.


This paper contributes to mitigating constraint for applying SFS to the endoscope image based on a cue from the medical structure. An extracted medical suture is used to estimate parameters, and a method of polyp shape recovery method is proposed using both geometric and photometric constraint equations. Notably, the proposed method realizes polyp shape recovery from a single endoscope image.


From experiments it was confirmed that the approximate polyp model shape was recovered and the proposed method recovered absolute size and shape of polyp using medical suture information and obtained parameters from a single endoscope image.


This paper proposed a polyp shape recovery method which mitigated the constraint for applying SFS to the endoscope image using the medical suture. Notably, the proposed method realized polyp shape recovery from a single endoscope image without generating uniform Lambertian reflectance.

Keywords: Shape from shading, Lambertian surface, Specular removal, RANSAC, Medical endoscope, Colorectal diagnosis.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
First Page: 1
Last Page: 17
Publisher Id: TOBIOIJ-12-1
DOI: 10.2174/1875036201912010001

Article History:

Received Date: 5/11/2018
Revision Received Date: 28/12/2018
Acceptance Date: 9/1/2019
Electronic publication date: 31/1/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Usami et al..

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to these authors at the Department of Computer Science, Chubu University, Kasugai, 487-8501, Japan; Tel: +81(568)51-1111;

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