First, to assess whether perpetrators of violence are also more likely to be victims of violence in a sample
of drinkers who socialize in a city centre night-time economy. Second, to test whether extent of alcohol use and impulsive
decision making, both associated with violence and violent injury, are associated with violence and victimization equally.
A cross-sectional street survey conducted in an area characterized by a high density of licensed premises collected
data on socio-economic status, gender, alcohol consumption, impulsive decision making and whether respondents had
been victims of violence or had perpetrated violence. Impulsive decision making was assessed using a delay discounting
task with hypothetical monetary rewards.
Data from 271 female and 294 male respondents who regularly socialized in the local night time economy
were available for analysis.
Perpetrators of violence were more likely to be victims of violence; impulsive decision making predicted
violence whereas alcohol consumption and the frequency that respondents visited the night time economy predicted
victimization. Men were more likely to be perpetrators of violence than women.
Heavy alcohol consumption in areas densely populated with licensed premises increases the likelihood of
victimization and perpetrators of violence are more likely to disregard the future consequences of their action. Measures
that either reduce the impact of drunken behavior or reduce excessive alcohol consumption will reduce alcohol related