The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

Clinical and Spectrophotometric Evaluation of LED and Laser Activated Teeth Bleaching

R. Lo Giudice1, G. Pantaleo2, A. Lizio1, U. Romeo3, G. Castiello2, G. Spagnuolo2, *, G. Lo Giudice1
1 Medical Sciences and Stomatology Department, School of Dentistry, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
2 Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences University Sapienza, Rome, Italy



Auxiliary power sources (LED and laser) are used in in-office teeth bleaching techniques to accelerate the redox reaction of the whitening gel to increase ease of use, to improve comfort and safety, and to decrease the procedure time.


The aim this study is to evaluate the efficiency of the teeth whitening procedures performed with hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide, LED or Laser activated.


18 patients, affected by exogenous dyschromia, were treated with a bleaching agent composed by 35% hydrogen peroxide and 10% carbamide peroxide. They were divided into two groups: in the first group the bleaching agent was activated by a LED lamp; in the second group it was activated by a Laser diode lamp. Both groups were subjected to 3 bleaching cycle of 15’ each. The chromatic evaluations were performed before and after one week from the treatment, using a chromatic scale and a spectrophotometer. The mean value of pre, post bleaching and follow-up were analyzed using a T-test, with results statistically significant for P<0,05.


Results showed that the variations in brightness, chroma and hue are significantly influenced by the interaction between the whitening agent and the original colour of the teeth. Laser-activation has marginally improved the bleaching effectiveness. All patients treated with laser activation complained an increase in dental sensitivity.


The use of laser-activating systems did not improve the efficacy of bleaching.

Keywords: Anchorage, Bleaching, Carbamide peroxide, Hydrogen peroxide, Laser, LED, Spectrophotometer.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2016
Volume: 10
First Page: 242
Last Page: 250
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-10-242
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601610010242

Article History:

Received Date: 18/01/2016
Revision Received Date: 21/04/2016
Acceptance Date: 12/05/2016
Electronic publication date: 31/05/2016
Collection year: 2016

© Lo Giudice et al; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy; Tel/Fax: +390817462080; E-mails:,

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