The Open Dentistry Journal




ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 13, 2019

The Effect of Exercise on Pulpal and Gingival Blood Flow in Physically Active and Inactive Subjects as Assessed by Laser Doppler



EC Lobo1, SMT Nguyen 1, MA Pogrel2, *
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery University of California San Francisco
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Abstract

The effects of exercise on pulpal and gingival blood flow are undefined. The autonomic nervous system response suggests that they could increase or decrease with exercise, and they may be independent of each other. This study attempts to answer these questions.

Materials and Methods:

15 “physically active” subjects and 15 “physically inactive” subjects exercised on a treadmill. Laser Doppler recordings of pulpal and gingival blood flow were taken before and after exercise.

Results:

There was a mean increase of approximately 50% in both pulpal (range -66%-+509%) and gingival (-72%- +1022%) blood flow after exercise, with wide variations, with no significant differences between the two groups of subjects.

Conclusion:

Exercise could increase pulpal and/or gingival blood flow as part of the overall increase in cardiac output with exercise, or could decrease pulpal and/or gingival blood flow due to diversion of blood to the somatic muscles during exercise. This study suggests that the former physiological phenomenon usually takes place at both sites,though there were some contradictory results.

Keywords: Pulp blood flow, Gingival Blood Flow, Laser Doppler.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2012
Volume: 6
First Page: 56
Last Page: 60
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-6-56
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601206010056

Article History:

Received Date: 29/11/2011
Revision Received Date: 19/1/2012
Acceptance Date: 30/1/2012
Electronic publication date: 16/3/2012
Collection year: 2012

Article Metrics:

CrossRef Citations:
0

Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1091
Abstract HTML Views: 652
PDF Downloads: 416
Total Views/Downloads: 2159

Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 667
Abstract HTML Views: 419
PDF Downloads: 185
Total Views/Downloads: 1271
Geographical View

© Lobo et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery University of California San Francisco Box 0440, 521 Parnassus Ave., Room C522 San Francisco, CA 94143-0440; Tel: (415) 476-8226; Fax: (415) 476-6305; E-mail: tony.pogrel@ucsf.edu


Endorsements



"Thank you for your magnificent and marvelous support throughout the publication stages. I would like to endorse my experience with you as a Junior Researcher and a recent graduate of the Dental school. Once again Thank you for your Great Help and Guidance throughout the stages of Publication. You guys are a great team and I am proud to be a Young Bentham author."


Asra Sabir Hussain
The University of Edinburgh Business School, UK

"My experience with Bentham Open was a valuable one because the quality of the services and analysis of my paper contributed in improving what we intended to convey to the readers."


José Ricardo Kina
Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic,
Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University
Brazil

"The Publication Manager was very cooperative and replied my mails and guided me without any delays; however the reviewing process was too long."


Mahtab Memarpour
Prevention of Oral and Dental Disease Research Center,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry,
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,
Iran


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open