Natural and Anthropogenic Impacts on Forest Structure: A Case Study of Uttarakhand State
Jaspal S. Chauhan1, Alok S. Gautam2, *, R.S. Negi3
1 Department of Himalayan Aquatic Biodiversity, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Physics, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Rural Technology, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India
Forests are among the most important natural resources in Uttarakhand as they occupy 71% of the geographic area and contribute a good share in state economy. They are rich repositories of biodiversity and are providers of ecosystem goods and services to both regional and global community. People are dependent on forests for fuel wood, grass and other biomass. But unfortunately recent trend of data shows a huge degradation of forestland due to natural and anthropogenic activities. Variations in climatic condition and natural disasters are triggering rate of degradation of forests in Uttarakhand. The present paper reviews the status of forest in Uttarakhand and discusses the major natural and anthropogenic factors responsible for its degradation.
Keywords: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Forest fire, Forestland, Global warming, Uttarakhand.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Physics, Alok Sagar Gautam, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand, India; Tel: +1346252331; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org