The Open Environmental Research Journal


Formerly: The Open Ecology Journal

ISSN: 2590-2776 ― Volume 12, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Exploration of Ecological Footprint in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabian Developed Waterfronts: The Case of King Abdullah Seafront Park (KASP) – Dammam



Ali O. Al-Sulbi*
Department of Landscape Architecture, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 2397, Dammam 31451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Background:

Sustainable development identifies the requirements for the environmental enhancements while preserving a balance among environmental factors. Sustainable integrated systems reinforced or promoted the persistence of the structural and operational components into the natural component.

Objective:

The study aims to apply a modified ecological footprint model to assess how much the ecosystem functions were affected by the development of urban waterfronts in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods:

A modified ecological footprint model has been applied to assess the outcomes obtained from the ecosystem functions of urban waterfronts.

Results:

The study revealed alteration or embedment of natural processes in all developed urban waterfronts; leading to loss of biodiversity, diminishment of site productivity, and increase of hidden costs regarding maintenance and replacement. It has positive performance in biodiversity enrichment, continuous productivity, maintenance and enhancement of natural physical and biological processes.

Conclusion:

The sustainable designs for urban waterfronts should aiming for the enhancement of natural processes for the productivity of coastal areas.

Keywords: Coastal ecosystems, Environmental sustainability, Saudi Arabia, Urban Waterfronts, Ecological footprint, Biodiversity enrichment.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 11
First Page: 75
Last Page: 85
Publisher Id: TOECOLJ-11-75
DOI: 10.2174/1874213001811010075

Article History:

Received Date: 11/9/2018
Revision Received Date: 25/10/2018
Acceptance Date: 1/11/2018
Electronic publication date: 9/11/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Ali O. Al-Sulbi.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Landscape Architecture, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, P.O. Box 2397, Dammam 31451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Tel: +966 556609903; E-mail: aalsulbi@uod.edu.sa


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