The Open Environmental Research Journal


Formerly: The Open Ecology Journal

ISSN: 2590-2776 ― Volume 12, 2019

Dynamics of an Insularized and Compressed Impala Population: Rainfall, Temperature and Density Influences


The Open Ecology Journal, 2012, 5: 1-17

Joseph O. Ogutu, Hans-Peter Piepho, Erustus Kanga

University of Hohenheim, Institute for crop science, Fruwirthstrasse 23, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

Electronic publication date 6/4/2012
[DOI: 10.2174/1874213001205010001]

CrossRef Citations:
0


Article Metrics:

Geographical View
Total Statistics:

Abstract HTML Views: 836
PDF Downloads: 420
Total Views/Downloads: 1256

Unique Statistics:

Abstract HTML Views: 496
PDF Downloads: 297
Total Views/Downloads: 793


Abstract:

Understanding the relative contributions of different life history stages to changes in population abundance is basic to understanding population dynamics and effective management and conservation of large herbivores. We examined temporal variation in natality, recruitment and mortality rates and sex ratio in a compressed and insularized impala population monitored daily for 211 months (17.6 years), spanning June 1994-December 2011. We related the rates to contemporaneous variation in immediate and cumulative past rainfall, temperature and prior abundance. Over the course of this 17.6-year period, the population size fluctuated between 22 and 52 individuals. A total of 213 births, mortality of 96 lambs, 33 males and 58 females; recruitment of 55 juveniles into the female category and 40 juveniles into the male category were recorded. Natural mortality averaged 2.3% of the population annually with lambs contributing 52.3%, males 26.6% and females 21.2%. Lamb mortality was highest in dry months, implicating food scarcity, but female mortality peaked in the wettest months and in hot, wet seasons, suggesting increased susceptibility to diseases and pathogens in hot, damp weather conditions. Male, female and overall population mortality rates were positively correlated with prior abundance, implicating negative density feedbacks on population growth. Births were aseasonal and were surprisingly negatively correlated with rainfall around the time of conception and during wet phases of a regional 5-year rainfall cycle. This implies, quite surprisingly, that high rainfall depressed reproductive success in impalas. Juvenile recruitment increased with increasing 5-month running mean of monthly rainfall but declined (i) at excessively high values of annual rainfall, (ii) with increasing prior density and (iii) in hot, dry seasons. This implicates heightened competition for limiting resources and nutritional stress at high density, increased vulnerability to diseases and pathogens at high rainfall and adverse consequences of habitat desiccation and reduced activity levels at high ambient temperatures.


Download PDF

Endorsements



"Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines."


Daniel Pesut
(Indiana University School of Nursing, USA)

"It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. This is exactly what Open Access Journals provide and this is the reason why I support this endeavor."


Jacques Descotes
(Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France)

"Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community."


Patrice Talaga
(UCB S.A., Belgium)

"Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information."


Jeffrey M. Weinberg
(St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA)

"Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. This is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals."


Debomoy K. Lahiri
(Indiana University School of Medicine, USA)

"Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Articles are of uniformly high quality and written by the world's leading authorities."


Robert Looney
(Naval Postgraduate School, USA)

"Open access journals have transformed the way scientific data is published and disseminated: particularly, whilst ensuring a high quality standard and transparency in the editorial process, they have increased the access to the scientific literature by those researchers that have limited library support or that are working on small budgets."


Richard Reithinger
(Westat, USA)

"Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers."


J. Ferwerda
(University of Oxford, UK)

"Open Access 'Chemistry' Journals allow the dissemination of knowledge at your finger tips without paying for the scientific content."


Sean L. Kitson
(Almac Sciences, Northern Ireland)

"In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. Open access journals are very helpful for students, researchers and the general public including people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area."


Hubert Wolterbeek
(Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands)

"The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. In this perspective, open access journals are instrumental in fostering researches and achievements."


Alessandro Laviano
(Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy)

"Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science."


Philippe Hernigou
(Paris University, France)

"There are many scientists who can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information."


Fidel Toldrá
(Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain)

"Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."


M. Bendandi
(University Clinic of Navarre, Spain)

"These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. The articles are of high quality and broad scope."


Peter Chiba
(University of Vienna, Austria)

"Open access journals are probably one of the most important contributions to promote and diffuse science worldwide."


Jaime Sampaio
(University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal)

"Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. This option opens several quite interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists."


Eduardo A. Castro
(INIFTA, Argentina)

"Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."


Kenji Hashimoto
(Chiba University, Japan)

"Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."


Daniel Shek
(Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

"It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category."


Jih Ru Hwu
(National Central University, Taiwan)


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2019 Bentham Open