The Open Fuels & Energy Science Journal


ISSN: 1876-973X ― Volume 11, 2018

Design and Construction of A Domestic Solar Power Bank in a Convective Environment

M. E. Emetere1, 2, *, O.I. Osunlola1, A.D. Adejumo1, A.O. Dauda1
1 Physics Department, Covenant University Canaan land, P.M.B 1023, Ota, Nigeria
2 Mechanical Engineering Science Department, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, Johannesburg, South Africa



This research seeks to solve the problem of storing solar energy in small scale modules for domestic use.


The Solar Power Bank (SPB) was constructed with local materials based on their individual properties. The functionality of the SPB was tested in a convective environment. Davis automatic Weather Station (DWS) was used to get the weather parameters (like solar irradiance, solar energy and temperature) for each day the SPB was tested. The maximum solar irradiance for four days (during the experiment) were 220 W/m2, 208 W/m2, 450 W/m2 and 900 W/m2. The maximum solar energy was 0.33 J, 03 J, 0.64 J and 1.33 J.


The maximum voltage and power obtained from the Solar Power Bank (SPB) was 0.18V and 0.065W respectively. The design showed tremendous heat energy entrapment during solar irradiance peak as the temperature in the SPB was about three times the DWS.


It was specifically noted that the convection of the heat transfer that is triggered by the glass shield determines the functionality of the thermo-electric module. This is a clear indication that though the power output may be low to charge the batteries, the prospects of the SPB to operate in convective-rural communities (in tropic region) is very high.

Keywords: Solar, Energy, Design, Solar storage, Thermo-electric module, Low cost, Construction, Nuclear power.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2018
Volume: 11
First Page: 16
Last Page: 28
Publisher Id: TOEFJ-11-16
DOI: 10.2174/1876973X01811010016

Article History:

Received Date: 19/11/2017
Revision Received Date: 08/01/2018
Acceptance Date: 9/01/2018
Electronic publication date: 13/03/2018
Collection year: 2018

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© 2018 Emetere et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Physics Department, Covenant University Canaan land, P.M.B 1023, Ota, Nigeria; Tel: +2348035267598; E-mail:


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