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In the present study, a direct-mode glucose fuel cell with a neutral-state and near-neutral-state aqueous
electrolytes is studied. The near-neutral state electrolytes are important for two reasons. Firstly, the pH of the electrolytes
would be near the pH of liquid in living cells. Secondly, the neutral electrolyte would enable good corrosion resistance of
catalyst materials. Three different catalyst materials, i.e. Pt-Pd, Raney-Ni and Ni-porphyrin complex, are tested in an
anode half-cell configuration with one neutral-state (battery water) and with two near-neutral-state aqueous electrolytes,
i.e. modified Krebs-Ringer (K-R) and phosphate, both buffered to a pH value of 7.4. Pt-Pd catalyst in the aqueous K-R
electrolyte maintains the negative voltage of the anode half cell with higher current densities that the nickel catalysts do.
To estimate the operation of the direct-mode glucose fuel cell, the K-R electrolyte from the anode half-cell tests is tested
also in the cathode half-cell with combined catalyst of cobalt porphyrin complex and of spinel. The open circuit voltages
and polarisation curves are measured. Also, preliminary results and oxidation degrees of glucose in the tests are shown.
Based on our half cell measurements, there are high development demands for the electro-catalysts, which could work
efficiently in the near-neutral-state electrolytes.