Wen-Qing Lu, Shao-Hua Xie, Wen-Shan Zhou, Shao-Hui Zhang, Ai-Lin Liu
Department of Occupational
and Environmental Health, MOE Key Lab of Environment and Health, School
of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science
and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.
For the last 20-odd years in China, an economic boom has resulted in severe environmental pollution; water
pollution, particularly, is of great concern. It has been reported that pollution in China’s overall surface water is rated medium.
The water quality of groundwater, lakes and reservoirs has deteriorated. Consequently, such a general distribution
of water pollution has posed a grave threat to public health in China. The health impact of water pollution has been documented
in the last several decades; these documents are reviewed in this paper on several outstanding aspects, including
chronic mercurialism, arsenism, cancers related to microcystins, health problems caused by organic pollutants and water
pollution accidents as well. Indubitably, water pollution and its health impact remain enormous challenges in China.