The continuous increase of production and consumption of material in the developed world and the increase of
the standard of living of the developing countries leads to the increase of the use of natural resources and the degradation
of the environment. Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) is essential to sustainable consumption and production which will impact
the use of limited resources. LCT is the process of taking into account in decision making both the resources consumed
and the environmental and health pressures associated with the full life cycle of a product. It includes the extraction of
resources, production, use, re-use, transport, recycling, and the ultimate waste disposal to provide goods and services and
it helps in avoiding shifting the burdens among various life stages of a resource processing. It is important to use the life
cycle thinking in analysing products because they may have different environmental impacts at different life cycle stages.
It is important to note that some products have very high environmental impacts during the extraction and processing of
their original natural resource but they may have minor environmental impacts when they are recycled. A good example is
aluminium. The objective of this work is to analyze the importance of the life cycle thinking concept, and show its direct
linkage to sustainability.