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Abstract HTML Views: 136 PDF Downloads: 48 Total Views/Downloads: 184
Objective: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the top two leading causes of cancer deaths in Hispanic/Latino
adults living in the U.S., and CRC risk increases in people who are overweight. As the U.S. Hispanic population increases
along with a growing prevalence of overweight and obesity, studies are needed to determine if overweight Hispanic adults
suffer from disparities in their rates of CRC screening. Our study was able to examine the correlation between a
preference for using the Spanish language and rates of screening for CRC using national survey data.
Design: 4,730 Hispanic participants, > 50 years, with a BMI > 25 kg/m2 from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor
Surveillance System were stratified by survey language choice (English, n = 3,499; or Spanish, n = 1,231). Using adjusted
logistic regression models, differences in receiving the recommended Fecal Occult Blood Test (F.O.B.T.) and/or either a
colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy were determined by language preference groups.
Results: Men who chose surveys in Spanish were significantly less likely to have received F.O.B.T. (0.29 O.R.; 0.13-0.64
95% C.I.), sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy (0.49 O.R.; 0.28-0.84 95% C.I.) or either test (0.46 O.R.; 0.27-0.79 95% C.I.)
within the recommended time frames, compared to men choosing English. No significant differences were found among
Conclusions: Findings suggest that men with an elevated BMI who choose Spanish to complete a survey are less likely to
receive the recommended CRC screening. Public health programs designed to improve access to CRC screening need to
target this population in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality related to colorectal cancer.