Abstract HTML Views: 189 PDF Downloads: 116 Total Views/Downloads: 305
Abstract HTML Views: 156 PDF Downloads: 94 Total Views/Downloads: 250
Purpose: To illustrate the use of one particular graphical method, the event chart (Lee et al., 2000), for the display of adverse events (AE's), along with other important considerations such as time on treatment/intervention, severity of AE's, treatment assignment, gender, etc., in longitudinal studies. These graphs can also include other key information such as efficacy measures and time-dependent covariates of interest. Methods: Emphasizing an application of a dose-ranging smoking cessation trial of naltrexone, we use event charts to convey a few potentially interesting findings from the complex data from this trial, with particular attention paid to the analysis of the safety (AE) data from the subset of individuals who dropped out before the end of the treatment phase of the study. Results: The event charts conveyed some interesting findings regarding relationships between gender, AE's and dropout time, as well as between treatment group, AE's and dropout time, and between AE burden and dropout time. Conclusion: Event charts can be one of the helpful exploratory tools in investigating the pattern of adverse events and their possible association with covariates and time on treatment/intervention in longitudinal studies. Findings from the event chart analysis of AE's could potentially lead to more formal statistical analysis and modeling. Software for generating these event charts is available in R and S-Plus.