This study examines the relationship between ethnicity, acculturation, and crime among a sample of Hispanic
adolescents drawn from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) dataset. Prior research
has shown that Hispanics who are more acculturated are more likely to engage in crime, but there is a lack of empirical
evidence to explain why this is, and little research that has explored Hispanics relative to one another. In an effort to
address these shortcomings, this study explores the impact of ethnicity on criminal offending among Hispanic adolescents.
This study also examines whether acculturation, net of ethnicity, predicts criminal offending among this group. Using
longitudinal data from the PHDCN, we assess the independent effects of ethnicity and generational status, as well as
additional criminological variables on adolescent criminal offending. Findings indicated that, on average, Mexican
adolescents were less likely than other Hispanics to report violent offending while Puerto Ricans were significantly more
likely to report violent offending. No differences were observed between Hispanic subgroups with respect to property
offending. Results from negative binomial regression revealed that ethnicity is rendered insignificant in multivariate
analyses. Consistent with prior research, first generation immigrants were significantly less likely to engage in delinquent
behavior, even after controlling for relevant criminological variables.