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Aim: The aim of the systematic study was to determine the effect of parenting practices on adolescent risk
behaviours such as substance use and sexual risk behaviour.
Method: Quantitative research studies were systematically collected from various databases such as Academic Search
Complete, MEDLINE (Pubmed), JSTOR, Project Muse and SAGE for the duration of 2003-2013 which was within the 10
year period of relevant literature to the date of study.
Results: Findings established that parental monitoring and communication prevented drug initiation, delayed alcohol
initiation, and sexual debut, increased alcohol refusal efficacy, and decreased delinquent behaviour and risk taking
behaviours in high risk adolescents.
Conclusion: This review shows that parental practices play significant protective and promotive roles in managing
adolescent risk behaviours.