The Open Hematology Journal

ISSN: 1874-2769 ― Volume 7, 2019

Novel Role of Ras-GTPase Activating Protein SH3 Domain-Binding Protein G3BP in Adhesion and Migration of 32D Myeloid Progenitor Cells

The Open Hematology Journal, 2012, 6: 1-7

Kerstin Schwarz, Frank Aschenbrenner, Brigitte Ruster, Manuela Kampfmann, Martina Komor, Wolf-Karsten Hofmann, Martin Ruthardt , Reinhard Henschler, Gesine Bug

Department of Medicine II, Hematology and Oncology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Theodor- Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.

Electronic publication date 23/2/2012
[DOI: 10.2174/1874276901206010001]

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Rho GTPases are involved in homing and mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells due to their impact on cytoskeleton remodeling. We have previously shown that inhibition of Rho, Rac and Cdc42 clearly impairs adhesion of normal and leukemic hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) to fibronectin and migration in a three-dimensional stromal cell model. Here, we identified the Ras GTPase-Activating Protein SH3 Domain-Binding Protein (G3BP) as a target gene of Rho GTPases and analysed its role in regulating HPC motility. Overexpression of G3BP significantly enhanced adhesion of murine 32D HPC to fibronectin and human umbilical vein endothelial cells, increased the proportion of adherent cells in a flow chamber assay and promoted cell migration in a transwell assay and a three-dimensional stromal cell model suggesting a strong impact on the cytoskeleton. Immunofluorescent staining of G3BP-overexpressing fibroblasts revealed a Rho-like phenotype characterized by formation of actin stress fibers in contrast to the Rac-like phenotype of control fibroblasts. This is the first report implicating a role for G3BP in Rho GTPase-mediated signalling towards adhesion and migration of HPC. Our results may be of clinical importance, since G3BP was found overexpressed in human cancers.

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