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Nursing homes are considered a risk for antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence
of infection episodes and antibiotic treatments in nursing home settings. A prospective study was conducted in 17
nursing homes in 2006. Nurses were asked to register each infection episode that occurred during the study period.
152 infection episodes were registered in 817 nursing home residents. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) constituted 52% of
the episodes followed by respiratory tract infections (RTIs) (18%) and soft tissue/skin infections (16%). Trimethoprim
(34%) and fluoroquinolones (27%) were used for treatment of UTIs. RTIs were treated with tetracyclins (39%) or penicillins
(36%) and soft tissue/skin infections with penicillins (76%).
Results were similar to three studies in Swedish nursing homes performed during the past ten years, indicating that management
of nursing home infections has not changed much. Further improvement of handling infections in nursing homes