Today vitally important medical devices are expected to meet diverse and increasingly stringent
requirements, in order to ensure their dependability in scenarios which can be life-critical. These requirements can often
be contradictory in nature, presenting additional challenge to the designer.
Method of Approach:
In this article, discussed are two approaches to address contradictory requirements to medical devices:
resolving contradictions and advanced Finite Element Analysis (FEA) modeling. First, it is shown how the contradictions
can be resolved by separating the contradictory requirements in space, in time, and amongst the elastic parameters
of the material. The generated designs still need be validated first by advanced modeling. Two factors make FEA
modeling of medical devices especially important: risks or difficulties in producing experimental data and unknown sensitivity
of the design characteristics to different parameters of the device and factors in the human body. Discussed are the
selection of the material models and boundary conditions and sensitivity of the results to the parameters of the model.
Resolving contradictions and FEA modeling should not be contraposed to each other; they work more effectively in tandem.
Results and Conclusions:
These approaches were applied to the development of peripherally inserted central catheters
(PICC) and retrievable blood clot filters. The generated novel designs were protected by US patent applications. The results
obtained in LS-DYNA and other packages are compared with the available experimental data for the kink test and
The presented approaches can be used in the design and optimization of medical devices subject to stringent requirements
or with enhanced properties.