Oral Microbiota Associated with Oral and Gastroenteric Cancer
D. Adriana G. Robayo1, Raquel F. Hernandez2, Alveiro T. Erira1, Ljubov Kandaurova2, Celia L. Juarez2, Victoria Juarez3, Angel Cid-Arregui2, *
1 Centro de Investigaciones Odontológicas, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia
2 Targeted Tumor Vaccines, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120Heidelberg, Germany
3 AsteriaPharma GmbH, Im Brückenfeld 30, 68723 Oftersheim, Germany
When the normal microbiota-host interactions are altered, the commensal microbial community evolves to a dysbiotic status resulting in some species becoming pathogenic and acting synergistically in the development of local and systemic diseases, including cancer. Advances in genetics, immunology and microbiology during the last years have made it possible to gather information on the oral and gastrointestinal microbiome and its interaction with the host, which has led to a better understanding of the interrelationship between microbiota and cancer. There is growing evidence in support for the role of some species in the development, progression and responses to treatment of various types of cancer. Accordingly, the number of studies investigating the association between oral microbiota and oral and gastrointestinal cancers has increased significantly during the last years. Here, we review the literature documenting associations of oral microbiota with oral and gastroenteric cancers.
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* Address correspondence to this author at: Targeted Tumor Vaccines, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org