Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in 1.0 M HCl Solution by Anhydrous Tricalcium Phosphate
L. Chafki1, E.H. Rifi1, R. Touir2, 3, *, M. Ebn Touhami2, Z. Hatim4
1 Laboratory of Organic Synthesis and Process d’Extraction, Faculty of Science, University Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco
2 Laboratory of Materials Engineering and Environment: Modeling and Application, Faculty of Science, University Ibn Tofail BP. 133-14000, Kenitra, Morocco
3 Centre Régional des Métiers de l’Education et de la Formation (CRMEF), Avenue Allal Al Fassi, Madinat Al Irfane, BP 6210 Rabat, Morocco
4 Laboratory of Electrochemistry and Surface Treatment, Faculty of Sciences, El Jadida, Morocco
In this study, electrochemical measurements were used to characterize Anhydrous Tricalcium Phosphate (ATP) as a corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1.0 M HCl.
The potentiodynamic polarization curves indicated that the ATP reacts as an anodic type inhibitor. In addition, it has been found that the electrochemical impedance confirms the inhibitor character of ATP obtained by the potentiodynamic polarization curves where the inhibition efficiency increases by its concentration to reach a maximum of 93.79 % at 10-4 M. The temperature solution influence indicated that the corrosion rate increases with temperature while the inhibitor acts actively. Thermodynamic adsorption and activation parameters indicated that the ATP acts by physical adsorption on the metallic surface with an endothermic process of metal dissolution.
Additionally, it was found that the adsorption of ATP molecules obeyed to the Langmuir isotherm. Surface analyses via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate the morphology of mild steel before and after immersion in 1.0 M HCl solution without and with 10-4 M of ATP. It is revealed that the ATP acted by the formation of a protective layer on the mild steel.
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* Address for correspondence to this auther at the Laboratory of Materials Engineering and Environment: Modeling and Application, Faculty of Science, University Ibn Tofail BP. 133-14000, Kenitra, Morocco, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com