In this study, granular activated carbon, GAC, was modified by oxidation with H2O2 and NaClO aqueous
solutions and heat treatment at 900 °C. The N2 adsorption isotherms at −196 °C and SEM and FTIR results were used to
characterize the properties of the prepared ACs.
Textural parameters such as BET surface area and pore volumes were assessed by gas adsorption. The BET surface area
values of solids were between 687 and 876 m2g-1. Additionally, immersion enthalpies of activated carbons in benzene,
water, hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide solutions and Ni(II) and Cd(II) solutions of 500 mgL-1 were determined,
with values between 32 and 145 Jg-1.
Ni(II) and Cd(II) adsorption isotherms were determined at pH 6 on activated carbons and competitive adsorption tests
were realized between the two ions. The results show that in the tests carried out, the adsorption capacity decreased when
the content of chemical groups on the surface also decreased.
Finally, the experimental results of adsorption from the solution were adjusted to the Langmuir and Freundlich models
and the first model was found to be better. With maximum adsorption capacities, the values for Ni(II) were between 3.99
and 64.9 mgg-1 and for Cd(II) were between 2.61 and 55.2 mgg-1.
The values of the competitive adsorption ions present in the solution, Ni(II) and Cd(II), in the activated carbons, decreased
compared to those obtained in the simple adsorption, indicating the effect of the an ion competitive presence in