1 Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Department, European Interbalkan Medical Center “DIABALKANIKO“, Thessaloniki, Greece
2 Rehabilitation Center “KENTAVROS”, Volos, Thessaly, Greece
3 2nd Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Department, National Rehabilitation Center “EKA-KAT”, Ilion, Athens, Greece
4 Section of Kinesiotherapy & Physiotherapy Department of Preventive Medicine,
Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
5 1st Department of Orthopaedics, General University Hospital “ATTIKON”, Athens, Greece
Neurological and neurosurgical diseases lead to complications producing malnutrition increasing pathology and mortality. In order to avoid complications because of malnutrition or overcome deficiencies in nutrients supplements are often used for these subjects. The physiopathological mechanisms of malnutrition, methods of nutritional assessment and the supplemental support are reviewed in this paper based on the assumption that patients need to receive adequate nutrition to promote optimal recovery, placing nutrition as a first line treatment and not an afterthought in the rehabilitation.
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