Abstract HTML Views: 223 PDF Downloads: 625 Total Views/Downloads: 848
Abstract HTML Views: 190 PDF Downloads: 465 Total Views/Downloads: 655
African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) is very popular with fish farmers and consumers, and commands a very
high commercial value in Nigeria markets. The fresh fish sample collected from the fish farmer was smoked in a smoking
kiln using sawdust, rice bran and melon husk while electric oven was used as the control. In the study proximate, mineral
and amino acid compositions of the smoked fish samples were evaluated using standard analytical techniques. The crude
protein content of the smoked fish samples ranged from 15.18% in sawdust heat treatment to 63.23% in electric oven heat
source with CV% of 10.68 while crude fat range values were 9.47 – 16.44% (CV% = 18.80). The most highly concentrated
mineral was sodium (7.00 – 9.95 mg/100g sample) and strictly followed by magnesium (5.45 – 7.45 mg/100g sample).
Lead and cadmium were not at the detectable range of AAS. The total essential amino acid (TEAA) with histidine in
the smoked fish samples ranged from 40.25 g/100g crude protein in rice bran to 70.09 g/100g protein in sawdust heat
sources while lysine had the highest concentrations (7.02 – 7.78 g/100g protein). The calculated isoelectric point (pI) and
predicted protein efficiency ratio (P–PER) were (4.99 – 6.91) and (2.30 – 2.52), respectively while first limiting amino
acid (LAA) was isoleucine for electric oven and sawdust heat sources, and valine for melon husk and rice bran smoking.
The number of essential amino acids where supplementation may be required in the smoked fish samples using four different
heat sources was three each. Generally, all the fish samples were found to be good sources of essential minerals and