Malin Wiklund, Monika F. Olsén, Torsten Olbers, Åsa Cider
Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, and Institute of
Neuroscience and Physiology/Physiotherapy, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Obesity is associated with a sedentary life style, which has a negative impact on physical fitness.
To investigate physical fitness, physical activity level and time spent sitting in Swedish women before and one year
after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass surgery (LRYGB).
Thirty-seven women (age: 41.2±9.6 years and Body Mass Index (BMI): 42±6.5 kg/m2) were tested before and one year after LRYGB. (BMI: 30.5±5.8 kg/m2). Physical fitness was assessed using the six minute walk test (6MWT), and
three muscular endurance and one handgrip test. Physical activity level and sitting time were assessed using the short form
of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).
One year after surgery the mean distance walked during 6MWT increased from 532 m to 599 m (p=<0.001) and
the muscular endurance was significantly improved (p≤0.016), while no statistical significant difference was found in grip
force compared to pre-operatively. After surgery, the women walked significantly more minutes/week (p=0.018) and
increased their level of moderate (p=0.039) and vigorous (p=0.033) physical activity, but there were no significant
differences in sitting time (p=0.206) compared to preoperatively.
The physical activity level as well as physical fitness increased while grip strength remained same in
Swedish women one year after LRYGB, compared to before surgery. The improved physical fitness and the considerable
weight loss are important factors in reducing the risk of developing lifestyle associated diseases and risk of premature
death in this group of women. But even if both physical activity and physical fitness increased at group level one year
after LRYGB, some individuals still needed to be more physically active and to enhance the physical fitness level. These
patients might benefit from physiotherapy to be able to be more physically active.