The Open Pediatric Medicine Journal




(Discontinued)

ISSN: 1874-3099 ― Volume 10, 2020

Risk Factors for Spontaneous Intestinal Perforation in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants§


The Open Pediatric Medicine Journal, 2008, 2: 11-15

Irfan Ahmad, Kristy F. Davis, Sherif Emi, Cherry Uy, Jack Sills

Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, 101 The City Dr., Bldg 55, Room 110, Rte 81, Orange, CA 92868-3298, USA.

Electronic publication date 14/3/2008
[DOI: 10.2174/1874309900802010011]




Abstract:

Objective:

Spontaneous intestinal perforations (SIP) in extremely low birth weight infants are distinctly different from necrotizing enterocolitis. The etiology of SIP is not well understood. Our objective was to identify perinatal therapeutic interventions that may increase the risk of spontaneous intestinal perforations.

Methods:

Medical records of extremely low birth weight infants (BW<1000g) admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit during 42-month period were studied. Infants with radiologic or histologic diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis were excluded. Information collected included maternal and infant demographics, perinatal risk factors, clinical findings and interventions, and exposure to medications before and after delivery. Chi square and paired t-tests were used to compare SIP patients to those with no perforation (NP). Mean values are given with standard error of the mean.

Results:

There were 13 SIP and 165 NP. There were more male infants (84.6% vs 49.1%, p<0.025) and more out born infants (61.5% vs 39.9%, p<0.05) in the SIP group. The use of maternal tertbutaline was higher in the SIP group (30.8% vs 9.1%, p<0.015). Early treatment with indomethacin (0-3days) was significantly higher in the SIP group (69.2% vs 27.9%, p=0.002). Hypotension requiring dopamine was significantly higher in the SIP group (69.2% vs 34.6%, p=0.017). Combined exposure to antenatal steroids and postnatal indomethacin was significantly higher in the SIP group (69.2% vs 36.4%, p=0.019), as was the combined early treatment with hydrocortisone and indomethacin (7.7% vs 0.6%, p=0.02).

Conclusions:

Early use of indomethacin, and co-exposure to antenatal or postnatal steroids is related to development of spontaneous intestinal perforation in extremely low birth weight infants. Prenatal exposure to maternal terbutaline and postnatal use of dopamine for hypotension increases the risk for SIP in these infants.


Download PDF

Track Your Manuscript:


Endorsements



"Open access will revolutionize 21st century knowledge work and accelerate the diffusion of ideas and evidence that support just in time learning and the evolution of thinking in a number of disciplines."


Daniel Pesut
(Indiana University School of Nursing, USA)

"It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. This is exactly what Open Access Journals provide and this is the reason why I support this endeavor."


Jacques Descotes
(Centre Antipoison-Centre de Pharmacovigilance, France)

"Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Open Access publishing is therefore of utmost importance for wider dissemination of information, and will help serving the best interest of the scientific community."


Patrice Talaga
(UCB S.A., Belgium)

"Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. They are an outstanding source of medical and scientific information."


Jeffrey M. Weinberg
(St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA)

"Open access journals are extremely useful for graduate students, investigators and all other interested persons to read important scientific articles and subscribe scientific journals. Indeed, the research articles span a wide range of area and of high quality. This is specially a must for researchers belonging to institutions with limited library facility and funding to subscribe scientific journals."


Debomoy K. Lahiri
(Indiana University School of Medicine, USA)

"Open access journals represent a major break-through in publishing. They provide easy access to the latest research on a wide variety of issues. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. Articles are of uniformly high quality and written by the world's leading authorities."


Robert Looney
(Naval Postgraduate School, USA)

"Open access journals have transformed the way scientific data is published and disseminated: particularly, whilst ensuring a high quality standard and transparency in the editorial process, they have increased the access to the scientific literature by those researchers that have limited library support or that are working on small budgets."


Richard Reithinger
(Westat, USA)

"Not only do open access journals greatly improve the access to high quality information for scientists in the developing world, it also provides extra exposure for our papers."


J. Ferwerda
(University of Oxford, UK)

"Open Access 'Chemistry' Journals allow the dissemination of knowledge at your finger tips without paying for the scientific content."


Sean L. Kitson
(Almac Sciences, Northern Ireland)

"In principle, all scientific journals should have open access, as should be science itself. Open access journals are very helpful for students, researchers and the general public including people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals. The articles are high standard and cover a wide area."


Hubert Wolterbeek
(Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands)

"The widest possible diffusion of information is critical for the advancement of science. In this perspective, open access journals are instrumental in fostering researches and achievements."


Alessandro Laviano
(Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy)

"Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science."


Philippe Hernigou
(Paris University, France)

"There are many scientists who can not afford the rather expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. Open access journals offer a good alternative for free access to good quality scientific information."


Fidel Toldrá
(Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos, Spain)

"Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."


M. Bendandi
(University Clinic of Navarre, Spain)

"These journals provide researchers with a platform for rapid, open access scientific communication. The articles are of high quality and broad scope."


Peter Chiba
(University of Vienna, Austria)

"Open access journals are probably one of the most important contributions to promote and diffuse science worldwide."


Jaime Sampaio
(University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal)

"Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. This option opens several quite interesting possibilities to disseminate openly and freely new knowledge and even to facilitate interpersonal communication among scientists."


Eduardo A. Castro
(INIFTA, Argentina)

"Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."


Kenji Hashimoto
(Chiba University, Japan)

"Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."


Daniel Shek
(Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

"It is a modern trend for publishers to establish open access journals. Researchers, faculty members, and students will be greatly benefited by the new journals of Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. in this category."


Jih Ru Hwu
(National Central University, Taiwan)


Browse Contents



Webmaster Contact: info@benthamopen.net
Copyright © 2022 Bentham Open