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Piedmont tectonic belts are rich of oil and gas resources, however the intense tectonic stress and broken formation
may cause great drilling problems in piedmont structures such as borehole collapse, lost circulation and gas cutting.
Through analysis of in situ stress properties, bedding structure and mechanical characteristics, wellbore instability mechanism
was expounded from rock mechanics, chemistry of drilling fluid and drilling technology. The high tectonic stress,
formation strength decreasing and fluid pressure rising after mud filtrate seepage are main reasons for borehole collapse.
The methods of calculating collapse and fracture pressure and determining drilling safety density window were put forward
based on mechanical analysis. In order to reduce drilling problems in piedmont structures, some countermeasures
should be taken from optimizing well track and casing program, using proper mud density, improving inhibitive and sealing
ability of drilling fluid. Good sealing ability can reduce seepage and cut off pressure transmission, enhancing the effective
support force. This is the key technology of maintaining wellbore stability in hard brittle shale in piedmont structures.