C. Deutsch, G. Maynard, M. Chabot, D. Gardes, S. Della-Negra, R. Bimbot, M. F. Rivet, C. Fleurier, C. Couillaud, D. H.H. Hoffmann, H. Wahl, K. Weyrich, O. N. RosmeJ, N. A. Tahir, J. Jacoby, M. Ogawa, Y. Oguri, J. Hasegawa, B. Sharkov, A. Golubev, A. Fertman, V. E. Fortov, V. Mintsev
LPGP (UMR-CNRS 8578) Universite Paris XI, 91405 Orsay, France.
The basic physics of nonrelativistic and electromagnetic ion stopping in hot and ionized plasma targets is thoroughly updated. Corresponding projectile-target interactions involve enhanced projectile ionization and coupling with target free electrons leading to significantly larger energy losses in hot targets when contrasted to their cold homologues. Standard stoppping formalism is framed around the most economical extrapolation of high velocity stopping in cold matter. Further elaborations pay attention to target electron coupling and nonlinearities due to enhanced projectile charge state, as well. Scaling rules are then used to optimize the enhanced stopping of MeV/amu ions in plasmas with electron linear densities nel ~ 1018-1020 cm-2. The synchronous firing of dense and strongly ionized plasmas with the time structure of bunched and energetic multicharged ion beam then allow to probe, for the first time, the long searched enhanced plasma stopping and projectile charge at target exit. Laser ablated plasmas (SPQR1) and dense linear plasma columns (SPQR2) show up as targets of choice in providing accurate and on line measurements of plasma parameters. Corresponding stopping results are of a central significance in asserting the validity of intense ion beam scenarios for driving thermonuclear pellets. Other applications of note feature thorium induced fission, novel ion sources and specific material processing through low energy ion beams. Last but not least, the given ion beam-plasma target interaction physics is likely to pave a way to the production and diagnostics of warm dense matter (WDM).