The volatile components of the leaf, twig and the stem bark of Prunus Arborea var densa were investigated using a combination
of GC, GCMS and HS-SPME/GCMS. The emitted volatile fractions from the different parts were analysed using HSSPME/
GCMS while the essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation method. The main components found in the leaf oils
were E, E-α -farnesene (23.9%), benzaldehyde (23.7%) and Z-hexenyl benzoate (11.2%). The twig oil was made up of
benzaldehyde (15.4%), benzyl benzoate (12.9%) and benzyl salicylate (6.5%). The stem bark was mainly made up of benzoic
acid (17.2%) with small amounts of benzaldehyde (1.6%). However, rapid chemical analyses of the plant parts using HSSPME/
GCMS showed presence of higher amounts of benzaldehyde (>80%) in the stem bark and twig parts when compared to
the leaf parts. Overall, it was shown P. Arborea var densa could be a new natural source of benzaldehyde and other
phenylpropanoids for uses as flavor, perfumery and herbal ingredients.
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