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An enormous species of medicinal plants worldwide are traditionally used and in most cases no scientific studies have been
done to prove their efficacy. This study was conducted to evaluate the folkloric therapeutic claims of ten selected Philippine
medicinal pteridophytes by determining the phytochemical, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities of the leaf extracts.
Qualitative screening of the phytochemicals showed that alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, and tannins were present in their leaf
extracts. (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay was used to determine the antioxidant activity. All of the extracts exhibited
different extent of antioxidant activity. Among the plant samples tested, Blechnum orientale methanolic leaf extract had the
greatest antioxidant activity while Lycopodium cernuum had the least. The IC50 values ranged from 3.71 μg/mL to 32.37
μg/mL. The total phenolic content (TPC) of the leaf extracts showed large variations, between 77.44 ± 0.37 and 413.52 ± 1.42
mg GAE/g extract. The extracts arranged in decreasing values of TPC are B. orientale> D. linearis> O. pistillaris> P. vitatta >
N. biserrata> D. esculentum> C. contaminans> A. nidus> L. cernuum> P. scolopendria. TPC of the extracts is shown to be positively correlated with the antioxidant activity (IC50). Antibacterial activity was evaluated using Kirby-Bauer method. Eight extracts inhibited the growth of Bacillus subtilis, seven inhibited Escherichia coli, four inhibited Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and six inhibited Staphylococcus aureus. These pteridophytes could be potential rich resources of natural antioxidants and could be developed into functional food or drug for prevention and treatment of diseases caused by oxidative stress.