A 2-ha permanent plot was established in two different forest types. These forest were chosen to present the two different
geographical and the Orang Asli tribes. The first plot study was conducted at Batu Papan Forest Reserve, Gua Musang, Kelantan
were the area is lowland forest and the Orang Asli Bateq is permenantly comunity. The second one was established in upper hill
forest at Sungai Kial Forest Reserve, Cameron Highland, Pahang were the Orang Asli Semai is main comunity. All specimens
were collected, identified and deposited at IBS Herbarium, UPM. A total 49 species from 24 families was recorded of which most
of the species are native. Plant parts most commonly used are roots, leaves, stems, rhizomes or tubers and sap. Many species of
plants are used in rituals for healing and protection followed by herbal medicines for restoring and protecting post partum mothers.
Some species used for treating various ailments encountered by the villagers ranging from minor ailments and complaints such as
itch and flatulence to more serious conditions such as cancer or food poisoning. From this study, the knowledge and usage of
medicinal plants is decreasing due to various factors such as modern medicines are easily available, the younger generation are less
interested in folk medicine, changes in habitat causing certain medicinal plants to be unavailable or less available.