The Open Conference Proceedings Journal


(Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Physical Sciences, Medicine, Engineering & Technology)



ISSN: 2210-2892 ― Volume 10, 2019

Isolation and Identification of Active Compounds From Piper Sarmentosum Against Several Storage Pests


The Open Conference Proceedings Journal, 2013, 4: 37

Manimaran Sellappan, Nithya, T.K Praveen

Institute of Biological Sciences Department of Chemistry.

Electronic publication date 1/3/2013
[DOI: 10.2174/2210289201304010037]

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Abstract:

Biopesticide has become more important in stored pest management, since the use of synthetic insecticide may cause hazardous to human and environment. The idea of using plant extracts and their potential to control insects is not new; eucalyptus leaves have been used in Brazil to protect grain bulks by placing them in layers between the grains Malaysia has a wealth of plant species with wide range of bioactive compounds such as alkaloids and phenolics. Piper sarmentosum (Piperacea) is widely distributed in Malaysia and often used as food flavoring agents, traditional medicines and pest control agents. Sitophilus oryzae, Rhyzopertha dominica and Plodia interpunctella (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) are considered as main pests of stored dry food and can cause more than 30% loss. In this study methanol, hexane and dichloromethane extract of P. sarmentosum were tested against the above mentioned insects. Hexane extracts was the most active causing 100% mortality to S. oryzae at the range of 1mg/ml followed by methanol extracts with 96% mortality. Bioassay guided study of the hexane extract gave two active compounds which are phenolics; sarmentomine and 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-1-propenylbenzene. Both exhibited high toxicity on all pests. 2,4,5-Trimethoxy-1-propenylbenzene had LC95 of 32 μg/ml on S. oryzae and 78 to 101 μg/ml on R. dominica and P. interpunctella very similar to sarmentomine. Sarmentosine is a new compound with a molecular formula of Structures of both compounds was established by spectroscopic methods namely 1D and 2D NMR, MS, UV and IR.


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