Ardisia elliptica is a medicinal plant traditionally used for alleviating chest pains, treatment of fever, diarrhea,
liver poisoning and for parturition complications. The objectives of this study were to investigate the chemical
constituents in fruits and leaves extracts of A. elliptica and to determine the biological activities of these extracts. The
fruits and leaves of A. elliptica were soaked with methanol and the extracts were analysed using GCMS. Both extracts
were then tested for antibacterial activity using disc diffusion method against Staphylococcus aureus (gram positive) and
Escherichia coli (gram negative). After incubation for 24 hours, the inhibition zones of the extracts were compared with
gentamicin and ampicilin. Antioxidant activities were determined using DPPH and analysed by Spectronic-20 with
wavelength of 517 nm. From GCMS data, it was found that both extracts contained similar major compound which were
5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxaldehyde with percentage area of 58.42%, and 45.13%; 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol with
3.04% and 20.87% and clindamycin with 8.77% and 5.79% for fruits and leaves extracts respectively. Clindamycin is a
known antibiotic therefore both extracts showed positive result for antibacterial tests. Antioxidant assay also showed that
both fruits and leaves extracts decolorized the DPPH.
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