Vietnamese Young Graduate Employees’ Evaluation of Sources of Self-efficacy at Work
Thi Hong Thai Bui1, *, Thi Anh Thu Nguyen1, Thi Mui Nguyen2
1 Faculty of Psychology, Laboratory of Behavioural Science and Virtual Reality, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, National University of Viet Nam in Hanoi, Hanoi, Viet Nam
2 Institute of Psychological Studies and Support to Drug Users, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Self-efficacy at work is considered to be one of the factors affecting employees’ quality of work life and professional development. Understanding the sources of employees’ self-efficacy at work is essential, especially in the context of Viet Nam’s Doi Moi (Renovation) policy that has led to wide-reaching socio-economic changes in Viet Nam, including the workplace over the past 30 years.
This article is based on a quantitative study of 166 Vietnamese graduates with less than 2-year working experience at their organizations, followed by 11 interviews. The study seeks to demonstrate their evaluation of the sources of self-efficacy at work.
The results show that “physiological and emotional states”, “vicarious experiences” and “verbal persuasion” have a significantly positive correlation with self-efficacy at work while no remarkable association is observed for “mastery experiences”. In addition, the content of the interviews further clarifies the above-mentioned results.
The findings suggest the important role of cultural-social factors and the characteristics of the workforce in Viet Nam in interpreting employee’s self-efficacy.
Keywords: Self-efficacy at work, Source of self-efficacy, Vietnamese graduate employees, Collectivism culture, Social cognitive theory, Work life.
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Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at Faculty of Psychology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, National University of Viet Nam in Hanoi, 336 Nguyen Trai, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Tel: +84-2438588003;E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org