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Associative theories of learning have been used to explain human contingency learning since the 1980's. Recent findings have led several authors to claim that there is no evidence clearly showing the engagement of associative processes of acquisition or representation in human contingency learning, and to propose non-associative accounts. Priming techniques can detect associative representations when the right parameters are employed. The present paper reviews evidence available of associative representations created after human contingency learning obtained using priming techniques. The evidence reviewed supports associative theories of learning and the assumption of spreading activation and associations between representations.