The use of condoms can reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including the human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We conducted this study to determine factors that impact condom use among
patients attending an STI clinic in Montego Bay, Jamaica. A questionnaire containing sections on socio-demographic
characteristics, knowledge of STIs and HIV, preventive measures for STI/HIV transmission and sexual practices
including condom use was administered to 212 participants. Using logistic regression, we determined the relationship
between the different factors and condom use during the last sexual episode. Approximately 43% of study participants
reported condom use during the last sexual episode. Employment (OR=2.2; 95%CI=1.1-4.1) and greater knowledge of
STIs (OR=1.9, 95%CI=1.02-3.6) were associated with increased likelihood of condom use during the last sexual episode.
Having multiple sexual partners was associated with decreased likelihood to report condom use (OR=0.3, 95%CI=0.1-
0.9). Also, persons belonging to a religious organization were less likely to report condom use (OR=0.5, 95%CI=0.2-0.9).
The results of this study can be used in formulating effective strategies to increase condom use in Montego Bay. This
would decrease the transmission of STIs and HIV.