Vaccines mitigate the severity of the diseases, prevent infections, and reduce the complications
associated with infections. Following the 2012 measles campaign in Zambia, a cross sectional study was conducted to estimate
coverage rates for measles, Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), Vitamin A, and de-worming.
Materials and Methods:
Using a cluster sampling method, 9 children were sampled for measles vaccination, Vitamin A
and de-worming from each of the 40 clusters, and sampled 9 children in each of the 22 out of 40 clusters for OPV vaccination
where it was distributed. Estimates and their 95 % confidence intervals are reported.
Data were available for analysis from 359 parent/care taker children pairs to determine measles coverage, 190 for
OPV supplementation coverage, 270 for Vitamin A coverage, and 336 for de-worming coverage. Most of the children
were aged 1 or 2 years (57.8% in measles sample, 62.9% in OPV sample, 61.8% in Vitamin A sample, and 63.6% in deworming
sample). A total of 345 (96.1%) children were vaccinated against measles. A total of 157 (83.1%) children received
OPV, 257 (95.5%) received Vitamin A, and 313 (93.4%) were de-wormed. About 6 in 10 of the respondents reported
that the health worker was the source of information and the key messages were encouraging children to go for
vaccination and advantages for vaccination.
The 2012 measles campaign in Zambia was a great success but continued efforts are needed to adhere to the
World Health Organization/United Nations Children’s Fund (WHO/UNICEF) strategy to control measles.