The Open Vaccine Journal


ISSN: 1875-0354 ― Volume 6, 2014

Child Nutrition and Health Campaign in 2012 in Zambia: Coverage Rates for Measles, Oral Polio Vaccine, Vitamin A, and De-worming

The Open Vaccine Journal, 2013, 6: 1-8

Olusegun Babaniyi, Seter Siziya, Victor Mukonka, Penelope Kalesha, Helen Mutambo, Belem Matapo, Henry Musanje

Public Health Unit, Clinical Sciences Department, School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, P O Box 71191, Ndola, Zambia.

Electronic publication date 07/8/2013
[DOI: 10.2174/1876973X20130611001]



Vaccines mitigate the severity of the diseases, prevent infections, and reduce the complications associated with infections. Following the 2012 measles campaign in Zambia, a cross sectional study was conducted to estimate coverage rates for measles, Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), Vitamin A, and de-worming.

Materials and Methods:

Using a cluster sampling method, 9 children were sampled for measles vaccination, Vitamin A and de-worming from each of the 40 clusters, and sampled 9 children in each of the 22 out of 40 clusters for OPV vaccination where it was distributed. Estimates and their 95 % confidence intervals are reported.


Data were available for analysis from 359 parent/care taker children pairs to determine measles coverage, 190 for OPV supplementation coverage, 270 for Vitamin A coverage, and 336 for de-worming coverage. Most of the children were aged 1 or 2 years (57.8% in measles sample, 62.9% in OPV sample, 61.8% in Vitamin A sample, and 63.6% in deworming sample). A total of 345 (96.1%) children were vaccinated against measles. A total of 157 (83.1%) children received OPV, 257 (95.5%) received Vitamin A, and 313 (93.4%) were de-wormed. About 6 in 10 of the respondents reported that the health worker was the source of information and the key messages were encouraging children to go for vaccination and advantages for vaccination.


The 2012 measles campaign in Zambia was a great success but continued efforts are needed to adhere to the World Health Organization/United Nations Children’s Fund (WHO/UNICEF) strategy to control measles.

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