The Open Virology Journal




ISSN: 1874-3579 ― Volume 13, 2019

Molecular Detection of Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) Among Infants with Congenital Anomalies in Khartoum State, Sudan



Maha G. Ebrahim1, Aisha S. Ali2, Mohamed O. Mustafa3, Dalal F. Musa4, Abdel Rahim M. El Hussein3, Isam M. Elkhidir5, Khalid A. Enan3, *
1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, National University, Sudan
3 Departmemt of Virology, Central Laboratory, Ministry of Science and Communication, Khartoum, Sudan
4 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Sudan University Science and Technology, Sudan
5 Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

Abstract

Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection still represents the most common potentially serious viral complication in humans and is a major cause of congenital anomalies in infants. This study is aimed to detect HCMV in infants with congenital anomalies.

Study subjects consisted of infants born with neural tube defect, hydrocephalus and microcephaly.

Fifty serum specimens (20 males, 30 females) were collected from different hospitals in Khartoum State. The sera were investigated for cytomegalovirus specific immunoglobin M (IgM) antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and for Cytomegalovirus DNA using polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

Out of the 50 sera tested, one patient’s (2%) sample showed HCMV IgM, but with no detectable DNA, other 4(8.2 %) sera were positive for HCMV DNA but with no detectable IgM.

Various diagnostic techniques should be considered to evaluate HCMV disease and routine screening for HCMV should be introduced for pregnant women in this setting. It is vital to initiate further research work with many samples from different area to assess prevalence and characterize HCMV and evaluate its maternal health implications.

Keywords: Congenital anomalies, ELISA, HCMV, PCR, Sudan.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2015
Volume: 9
First Page: 38
Last Page: 41
Publisher Id: TOVJ-9-38
DOI: 10.2174/1874357901509010038

Article History:

Received Date: 12/5/2015
Revision Received Date: 16/10/2015
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2015
Electronic publication date: 10/12/2015
Collection year: 2015

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© Ebrahim et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, noncommercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Virology, Central Laboratory- Ministry of Science & Communication, Sudan; Tel: +249-912651103; Fax: +249155183855-P.O.Box: 7099; E-mail: khalid.enan@gmail.com


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