Open Chemistry Journal


ISSN: 1874-8422 ― Volume 8, 2021

Efficient Removal of Methyl Orange from Wastewater by Polymeric Chitosan-iso-vanillin

Eman A. Alabbad1, *
1 Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia.



Water pollution is a serious issue in several countries. In addition, because of limited water resources, the recycling of wastewater is crucial. Consequently, new and effective sorbents are required to reduce the cost of wastewater treatment as well as to mitigate the health problems caused by water pollution.


In this study, the removal of Methyl Orange (MO) dye from wastewater using a chitosan-iso-vanillin polymer was evaluated. The removal of MO from an aqueous solution was studied in a batch system, using the modified chitosan polymer.


The results indicate that the removal of MO by the modified chitosan was affected by the solution pH, sorbent dosage, initial MO concentration, contact time, and temperature. The experimental data were fitted to the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms, and Freundlich isotherm showed the best fit. The kinetic data were fitted to the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order rate equations. Thus, the removal of MO was controlled via chemisorption, and the removal rate was 97.9% after 3 h at an initial MO concentration of 100 ppm and a sorbent dose of 0.05 g. The adsorption behavior of the modified chitosan for the removal of MO was well-described using the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Intraparticle diffusion analysis was also conducted, and the thermodynamic properties, including entropy (∆S), enthalpy (∆H), and free energy (∆G), were determined.


The pH, initial MO concentration, sorbent dosage, adsorption temperature, and contact time had a significant effect on the adsorption of MO by chitosan-iso-vanillin.

Keywords: MO dye, Chitosan-iso-vanillin resins, Chelating polymer, Adsorption, Recycling, Wastewater treatment.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 7
First Page: 16
Last Page: 25
Publisher Id: CHEM-7-16
DOI: 10.2174/1874842202007010016

Article History:

Received Date: 31/12/2019
Revision Received Date: 05/04/2020
Acceptance Date: 09/04/2020
Electronic publication date: 03/07/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Eman A. Alabbad

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia E-mail:

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