Surridge and Beecheno, Finlay House, I.I. Chundrigar Road, Karachi, Pakistan
Maritime law is one of the ancient laws of the world and as such from the day of its commencement it joined
the body of the international law and provides a legal frame work for rule of trade and commerce in international waters.
The Shipping Laws are based on International Conventions and practices of maritime world, they require universal uniformity.
The precedents and practices of maritime countries especially with reference to the liability of carrier with respect
to the delivery of cargo can play an important role in the development and interpretation of local maritime laws of Pakistan.
This article critically enlightens numerous landmarks judgment of Superior Courts and particularly refers to a judgment
on the subject of bulk oil cargo which has been very well received in the United Kingdom, having been reported in
the Lloyds Law Reports .
Keywords: Bill of lading, delivery, dictum, dry certificate, joint survey, ship's manifold, tolerance allowance, ullages.
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