School of Biotechnology, International University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
The effect of partial autolysis during storage of shrimp biowaste on the quality of the extracted chitin and chitosan has been investigated. Shrimp waste materials were stored in a 30°C incubator for 1-4 days. The quality of the chitin and chitosan extracted from these materials was assessed by ash and protein analysis and in solution by viscosimetry. Chitosan from fresh biowaste, treated for 1 day at 30°C showed the highest viscosity 3590 cps. Chitosan from frozen material showed the highest viscosity at 3580 cps after 2 days at 30°C. The corresponding values for chitosan without 30°C treatment were 2300 and 2700 cps. Normally, viscosity, solubility and molecular weight of chitosan are closely related. The data of this study show that after partial autolysis the viscosity of the chitosan obtained has increased, but that other characteristics of chitosan such as degree of deacetylation, molecular weight, solubility and turbidity did not change.
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