The Open Public Health Journal

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Prevalence and Associated Factors of Social Phobia Among College of Health Science Students, Mettu Town, Southwest Ethiopia 2019; Institutional Based Cross-Sectional Study

Mohammedamin Hajure1, *, Manderas Tariku2, Zakir Abdu3
1 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.
2 Lecturer and Researcher at Department of Psychiatry, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.
3 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.



Social phobia or social anxiety disorder is a serious and disabling mental health problem that begins before or during adolescence, and is associated with significant impairment in social functioning. It was the most prevalent anxiety disorder to seek psychiatric help, leading to an underestimation of the problem.


The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among Mettu health science college students, Mettu, Southwestern Ethiopia, 2019.


Pretested and self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Social phobia was assessed using the Social Phobia Inventory. Data was entered into the Epi - data version 3.1 and analysis was done using statistical package for social science version 20. Logistic regression analysis was done and the strength of the association was presented by odds ratio with 95%C.I and variable with P value less than 0.05 considered as statistically significant.


The prevalence of social phobia in the current study was 16.4%. Of 336 total study participants, 16.4% showed positive for social phobia; female sex,[AOR: 1.95, 95% CI [1.07, 3.55], previous history of chronic physical illness[AOR: 1.83, 95% CI [1.01, 3.35], current use of tobacco[AOR: 2.95, 95% CI [1.36, 6.40] were found to be independent predictors of social phobia among college students.


Social phobia among college students was significantly higher than studies conducted in different settings. Early detection and availing appropriate management in the college students may be of great importance in reducing the prevalence of this common disorder.

Keywords: Social phobia, Cross-sectional, College students, Ethiopia, Social support scale, Mental health problem.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 14
First Page: 373
Last Page: 379
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-13-373
DOI: 10.2174/1874944502013010373

Article History:

Received Date: 24/02/2020
Revision Received Date: 28/05/2020
Acceptance Date: 12/06/2020
Electronic publication date: 31/07/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Hajure et al

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of health and medical sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. E-mail:

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