1 Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
2 Department of Biosystems Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA
BBQ sauce was hot-filled at 54°C (130°F) in plastic PET, 567 g (20 oz) bottles. The PET bottles paneled, due to the temperature and pressure of the hot-fill process. Liquid nitrogen was used as a processing aid to optimize the headspace pressure to prevent paneling.
The objective of the research was to eliminate paneling of the PET bottles due to hot-filling.
A micro dosing system was used to inject nitrogen into the container just after filling and immediately prior to capping. Headspace pressure was measured using a custom-designed pressure sensor. Nitrogen dosage time was plotted against headspace pressure. The relationship between nitrogen dosage time and headspace pressure was linear, with a coefficient of determination of 0.84, and slope of 1.36 kPa/ms, with an intercept of -12.21 kPa.
Results & Conclusion:
Results were analyzed using analysis of variance. Visual inspection of the bottles for defects resulted in the determination of the optimum headspace pressure of 30 kPa (4.4 psi).
Keywords: BBQ sauce, Headspace, Pressure, Paneling, PET bottle, Optimize.
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